Multiple Theme Parks Dodge Injury and Death Lawsuits, Guests Sign Away Blame

in Theme Parks


Credit: CNN

It seems that one state has found a way to skirt around any legal situation when it comes to injuries or deaths on theme park attractions.

When it comes to lawsuits against a theme park, it can be a very scary thing. Lawsuits can arise for a variety of reasons, and oftentimes, the injury seems to be one of them. When it comes to Disney World and other Disney Parks worldwide, as well as the company as a whole, we have seen the Mouse fight a variety of battles, as well as Universal Orlando Resort. But, of course, the scope of theme park injuries expands far beyond those two companies.

lightning mcqueen and mater disneyland
Credit: Disney

When Guests visit a theme park, they typically do not expect to be injured, unless you were going to Action Park in the 80’s where getting hurt was a right of passage (read more on that here). If an injury does occur and it is at the fault of the theme park, many would assume that the theme park in question would have to take responsibility for their actions. But, it seems Colorado theme parks may have found their way around this.

Credit: CNN

After a 6-year-old girl died on a ride at Glenwood Caverns Amusement Park, the Denver Post wrote a story that highlighted the difficulty her parents would have suing, if they signed a waiver upon entry to the Park.

The Denver Post stated:

Colorado law says the park and its employees cannot act recklessly, but those who sign a waiver agree “to let a business act negligently,” according to University of Denver Sturm College of Law professor Tom Russell.

And in Colorado, “a parent can waive liability for their children,” Russell said, noting other states such as New Jersey do not permit that. “That Colorado allows for this is amoral. It disregards children.”

Thousands of people annually ride amusement park attractions from the largest resorts to the smallest roving carnivals. Virtually all will have a liability waiver people either sign or accept by purchasing the ticket due to the terms and conditions. The publication highlights Elitch Gardens which states that if you purchase a ticket, you “agree to hold the park harmless from all claims, including wrongful death, that could arise from its negligence.”

Colorado laws governing wrongful death claims also limit any noneconomic damages to about $571,000, Russell said.

Recovering more would require showing a business was intentionally reckless, such as knowing a seat belt was unfastened or putting off critical maintenance for a less busy day.

mine drop
Credit: Theme Park Review

This means without an obvious lack of care from the Park, Colorado laws would allow their theme parks to get away with many injuries or deaths of Guests. As an example, if a belt was loose but the theme park was not aware, then they are not at fault of any injury that can come from that mishap.

Theme Park Glenwood Caverns has a liability waiver that states any injury on one of their 15 thrill attractions – including Mine Drop which is where the 6-year-old in question died – “involves the risk of physical injury or death.” The waiter continues to to state that Guests will “take full responsibility for any injury … including death”. Mine Drop describes the ride as the “first drop ride in the world to go underground, plunging riders 110 feet inside the dark depths of Iron Mountain in what feels like a free-fall.”

Elitch Gardens Theme & Water Park, Glenwood Caverns Adventure Park, Water World, Lakeside Amusement Park, and Royal Gorge Bridge & Park are only a handful of the Parks in Colorado.

Other Recent Theme Park Injuries

Recently, Cedar Point in Ohio, one of the biggest thrill Parks out there, underwent quite the legal battle. On August 15, there was an accident at Cedar Point (owned by Cedar Fair) that involved the 420-foot (128-meter) tall Top Thrill Dragster roller coaster, according to ABC News. The coaster, which opened in 2003, launches riders on a straightaway at 120 mph (193 kph) before it climbs a hill and then comes back down. Lasting only 20 seconds, the ride is highly thrilling for Guests but things went wrong for one rider who was allegedly struck by a metal object while riding. The Guest was moved from one hospital to another, but the severity of the injury was not announced by ABC, however, other reports noted the woman was left with brain damage. 

cedar point
Credit: Cedar Point

Related: Coaster Left Stuck on Tracks as Theme Park Unexpectedly Shuts Down

According to the report, the injury was blamed on “instantaneous overload fracture” of a bolt holding in a plate on the ride. It is now confirmed by spokesperson Tony Clark that the ride will remain closed throughout 2022 as the report is examined. However, it seems that there will be no charges pressed against Cedar Point for illegal wrongdoings. ABC stated:

There’s no evidence that Cedar Point amusement park in Ohio acted illegally or had reason to believe one of its rides, the world’s second-tallest roller coaster, was unsafe before an object flew off it last year and struck a woman in the head, the state concluded in an investigation released Friday.

Credit: Aqualand

Related: Heated Blanket Sparks Massive Theme Park Fire, Destroying Brand New Attraction

Now, one Guest is suing Aqualand water park in Mallorca after experiencing a “nightmare” vacation. As reported by the Daily Mail, “Jennifer Proctor, 27, smashed her spine during her descent of the extreme 40ft-high slide”, Banzai. Jennifer claims she was left 4in shorter after breaking her back.

She had to undergo an emergency spinal fusion in Spain to treat her injuries, and claims the damage left her 5ft 7in tall – 4in shorter than her height before the accident.

She has now launched a £500,000 damages claim against Spanish amusement park operators Aspro Ocio SA, as well as a firm of Spanish insurers Liberty Seguros, alleging fault in management of the slide. Miss Proctor’s claims are being challenged.

Have you ever been injured at a theme park? Let us know if you were aware of liability waivers or if you have signed one before.

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